CD47 halts Ptpn6-deficient neutrophils from provoking lethal inflammation
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Mice with SHP1 proteins, which have a single amino acid substitution from tyrosine-208 residue to asparagine (hereafter Ptpn6spin mice), develop an autoinflammatory disease with inflamed footpads. Genetic crosses to study CD47 function in Ptpn6spin mice bred Ptpn6spin × Cd47−/− mice that were not born at the expected Mendelian ratio. Ptpn6spin bone marrow cells, when transferred into lethally irradiated Cd47-deficient mice, caused marked weight loss and subsequent death. At a cellular level, Ptpn6-deficient neutrophils promoted weight loss and death of the lethally irradiated Cd47−/− recipients. We posited that leakage of gut microbiota promotes morbidity and mortality in Cd47−/− mice receiving Ptpn6spin cells. Colonic cell death and gut leakage were substantially increased in the diseased Cd47−/− mice. Last, IL-1 blockade using anakinra rescued the morbidity and mortality observed in the diseased Cd47−/− mice. These data together demonstrate a protective role for CD47 in tempering pathogenic neutrophils in the Ptpn6spin mice.
Lalita Mazgaeen,Matthew Yorek,Saurabh Saini,Peter Vogel,David K Meyerholz,Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti,Prajwal Gurung