创作:大力 审核:好雨 2021年05月02日
  • 超加工食品(UPFs)通常具有高热量,添加糖、钠、饱和或反式脂肪,且纤维、蛋白质和微量元素含量低,对人体健康和环境均产生负面影响;
  • 一些国家为此采取了相应的措施,如对含糖饮料加收糖税和在包装上添加警告标签;
  • 或颁布营销禁令,禁止在学校销售UPFs,媒体上宣传健康饮食,对冲并尽量减少行业对卫生政策制定的干预;
  • 为了推动饮食习惯的充分变革和预防营养相关-非传染性疾病,有必要制定相互加强的关联政策。
The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology 发表的观点性文章,讨论如何从全球角度认识超加工食品(UPFs)所带来的营养相关-非传染性疾病现状和风险。以及如何更好地从政策层面对工业、市场、产品和消费行为进行调控。文章举例一些南美食品公司通过在UPFs中添加微量元素,诱导消费者误以为其购买的是健康食品的现象,亟需政策法规的介入。

Towards unified and impactful policies to reduce ultra-processed food consumption and promote healthier eating



2021-04-15, Article

Abstract & Authors:展开

The global surges in obesity and nutrition-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have created a need for decisive new food policy initiatives. A major concern has been the impact of ultra-processed foods (UPFs) and ultra-processed drinks on weight gain and on the risk of several NCDs. These foods, generally high in calories, added sugar, sodium, and unhealthy fats, and poor in fibre, protein, and micronutrients, have extensive negative effects on human health and on the environment (due to their associated carbon emission and water use). There is a growing tendency worldwide, and especially in South America, for food companies to add micronutrients to UPFs to make health claims regarding these products, to which food-regulating authorities refer to fake foods. Although more than 45 countries and smaller subregional or urban entities have created taxes on ultra-processed drinks, such as sugar-sweetened beverages, only a few have adopted taxes on snacks and other UPFs, and none have added major subsidies for truly healthy, fresh or minimally processed food for people from lower socioeconomic backgrounds. Another major focus has been on developing effective package labelling. A smaller number of countries have selected the most impactful warning labels and linked them with other measures to create a mutually reinforcing set of policies; a few other countries have developed effective school food policies. We herein present in-depth results from key countries involved in all these actions and in comprehensive marketing controls, and conclude with our recommendations for the future. This field is quite new; progress to date is substantial, but much more is left to learn.

First Authors:
Barry M Popkin

Correspondence Authors:
Barry M Popkin

All Authors:
Barry M Popkin,Simon Barquera,Camila Corvalán,Karen J Hofman,Carlos Monteiro,Shu Wen Ng,Elizabeth C Swart,Lindsey Smith Taillie